World Environment Day Theme 2024: Land Restoration, Desertification & Drought Resilience


World Environment Day, a global event celebrated annually on June 5th, is a global initiative to raise awareness about environmental issues and encourage positive action. It was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1972 to raise awareness of the importance of the environment and our responsibility to protect it.

Each year, world environment day focuses on a specific theme that addresses crucial environmental challenges. The theme for 2024 is, “LAND RESTORATION, DESERTIFICATION & DROUGHT RESILIENCE”. It is a powerful platform to raise awareness about environmental issues and encourage positive action to protect our planet.

In this article, we will explore the significance of World Environment Day, its history, the 2024 theme, activities to do, the importance of environmental awareness and the actions individuals and communities can take to impact the environment positively.

The Importance of World Environment Day

By the year 20301, the world’s population will have increased by another billion people. This, combined with the effects of climate change, will put an unprecedented strain on our planet’s resources. World Environment Day plays a vital role in highlighting environmental concerns that affect our planet. It aims to engage individuals, organizations, and governments to take collective action toward a sustainable future. By raising awareness, this event empowers individuals to make informed choices and encourages businesses to adopt sustainable practices, ultimately leading to a healthier and greener planet.

World Environment Day is an important observance that serves as a global platform to raise awareness about environmental issues and promote positive action towards their resolution4. Here are some reasons why World Environment Day is significant:

Global Focus on Environmental Issues: World Environment Day provides a dedicated occasion for people and organizations worldwide to focus their attention on pressing environmental challenges. It serves as a reminder that the state of our environment affects everyone, regardless of geographic location or social background.

Awareness and Education: The day plays a crucial role in educating the public about various environmental issues, such as global warming, climate change, deforestation, pollution, biodiversity loss, and resource depletion. It encourages individuals to learn about these challenges, understand their impacts, and explore ways to address them. World Environment Day inspires people to adopt sustainable practices through campaigns, workshops, and educational initiatives. By fostering environmental awareness, this global event empowers individuals to decide wisely and take proactive steps toward a greener future.

Mobilising Action: World Environment Day catalyzes mobilizing individuals, communities, governments, and organisations to take action toward environmental sustainability. It inspires people to make conscious choices daily, supports environmental initiatives, and drives local, national, and international policy changes.

Global Collaboration: The observance fosters collaboration and partnerships among governments, NGOs, businesses, and individuals. It provides an opportunity for different stakeholders to come together, share knowledge and expertise, exchange best practices, and work collectively towards finding solutions to environmental issues.

Policy Advocacy: World Environment Day offers a platform for advocating environmental policies and regulations. It encourages governments and decision-makers to prioritize sustainable development, enact stricter environmental laws, and allocate resources towards environmental protection and conservation.

Celebrating Successes: The day also celebrates environmental achievements and successes. It recognises the efforts of individuals and organisations that have positively impacted the environment, encouraging others to follow their lead and replicate their accomplishments.

Long-Term Impact: World Environment Day aims to create a lasting impact by promoting behaviour change and inspiring long-term commitments towards environmental sustainability. It seeks to instil a sense of responsibility and stewardship for the planet among individuals, fostering a sustainable mindset and lifestyle choices.

History of World Environment Day

World Environment Day (WED) is an annual event established by the United Nations General Assembly from June 5-16, in 1972, during the Stockholm, Sweden, Conference on the Human Environment. The first celebration occurred on June 5th, 1974, with the theme “Only One Earth.” This observance aims to raise awareness about environmental issues and promote positive action to protect the planet. Since then, World Environment Day has grown into a global movement, with participation from over 100 countries annually.

Here is a brief history of World Environment Day:

Establishment of World Environment Day: The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972, marked a significant milestone in international environmental cooperation. During this conference, the United Nations General Assembly declared June 5th as World Environment Day. The first WED was celebrated in 1974.

Growing Global Observance: Over the years, World Environment Day has gained momentum and become one of the principal platforms for environmental advocacy worldwide. Each year, the day is celebrated with various activities, events, and campaigns involving governments, organisations, communities, and individuals.

Theme-Based Approach: Since its inception, World Environment Day has been associated with different themes to focus attention on specific environmental issues. A new theme is chosen each year to drive global awareness and action on pressing environmental challenges.

Host Country and Celebrations: Each year, a different host country is selected to lead the celebrations and highlight environmental concerns specific to that region. The host country organises various activities, such as tree-planting drives, clean-up campaigns, conferences, exhibitions, and policy dialogues.

Global Impact: World Environment Day has significantly raised environmental consciousness and inspired positive action worldwide. It has played a role in shaping environmental policies, mobilising community engagement, promoting sustainable practices, and fostering international collaboration on environmental issues.

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Leadership: The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is the principal organisation responsible for coordinating World Environment Day activities. UNEP provides guidance, resources, and support to governments, organisations, and individuals in their efforts to celebrate and contribute to the day.

Beyond June 5th: World Environment Day is not limited to a single day of observance. It serves as a catalyst for year-round action and initiatives to protect the environment. The day encourages individuals and communities to make sustainable choices, adopt eco-friendly practices, and advocate for environmental conservation beyond June 5th.

The Theme of World Environment Day 2024


The theme for World Environment Day 2024 shines a spotlight on the urgent need for land restoration, desertification, and drought resilience. As the host, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia stresses the importance of these issues in the context of the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. This global observance serves as a call to action to combat land degradation, which affects up to 40% of the Earth’s land and threatens both biodiversity and human livelihoods. The theme emphasizes the collective responsibility and opportunity to nurture an environment that is more robust and capable of withstanding the challenges posed by climate change.

The Challenge: A Land in Peril

Our planet faces a growing threat – land degradation. Deforestation, unsustainable agricultural practices, overgrazing, and climate change are all contributing to this crisis. The consequences are dire:

  • Desertification: Fertile land is transforming into barren deserts at an alarming rate. This threatens food security, displaces communities, and disrupts ecosystems.
  • Drought: Degraded lands hold less water, making them more susceptible to droughts. This can lead to water scarcity, crop failures, and wildfires.
  • Biodiversity Loss: Healthy land teems with life. Degradation destroys habitats, pushing countless species towards endangerment or extinction.

Desertification: A Growing Threat

Desertification refers to the process by which fertile land becomes dry, barren, and eventually turns into desert. It’s driven by factors like:

  • Climate Change: Rising temperatures and erratic rainfall patterns contribute to desertification.
  • Overgrazing: Excessive livestock grazing depletes vegetation and prevents natural regeneration.
  • Deforestation: Loss of trees leads to soil erosion and increases vulnerability to drought.

Desertification has devastating consequences, including:

  • Land Degradation: Loss of fertile land reduces agricultural productivity and food security.
  • Loss of Biodiversity: Ecosystems collapse as desertification claims habitats.
  • Livelihood Loss: Declining agricultural output disrupts livelihoods and forces migration.
  • Dust Storms: Desertification increases the frequency and intensity of dust storms, impacting health and air quality.

Drought: A Global Challenge

Drought refers to a prolonged period when an area receives significantly below-average rainfall. Climate change is increasing the frequency and intensity of droughts, posing serious threats like:

  • Water Scarcity: Droughts reduce available water for agriculture, drinking, and sanitation.
  • Crop Failure: Insufficient water leads to crop failure, impacting food security.
  • Wildfires: Droughts increase the risk of wildfires, further degrading ecosystems.

Building Resilience: The Path Forward

World Environment Day 2024 calls for urgent action to restore degraded lands, combat desertification, and build resilience to drought. Here are some key strategies:

  • Sustainable Land Management: Adopting practices like intercropping, crop rotation, cover cropping, and contour plowing can improve soil health and water retention.
  • Reforestation: Planting trees helps to restore degraded land, prevent soil erosion, and sequester carbon.
  • Water Conservation: Implementing water-saving techniques in agriculture and daily life is crucial for managing water resources during droughts.
  • Climate Action: Reducing greenhouse gas emissions is essential to mitigate climate change and its impact on land and water resources.

These interconnected issues pose a significant threat to our planet’s future. However, World Environment Day 2024 offers hope: restoration is possible.

The Power of Restoration: Reclaiming What We’ve Lost

Land restoration is not just about stopping degradation – it’s about actively repairing the damage done. Here are some key strategies:

  • Reforestation: Planting trees restores lost forests, improves soil health, reduces erosion, and increases carbon sequestration.
  • Sustainable Land Management: Adopting intercropping, crop rotation, cover cropping, and improved grazing techniques promotes healthy soil and water conservation.
  • Improved Soil Health: Restoring soil organic matter through composting and avoiding chemical fertilizers is crucial for land fertility and water retention.
  • Community-Based Restoration: Engaging local communities in restoration projects empowers them to take ownership of their land’s future.

Why It Matters: A Thriving Planet, a Thriving Future

Land restoration isn’t just about environmental benefits – it’s about human well-being and a sustainable future for all. Here’s how healthy land contributes to a better world:

  • Food Security: Healthy soils produce more nutritious food, ensuring food security for future generations.
  • Climate Change Mitigation: Forests and healthy land store carbon, mitigating climate change and its devastating effects.
  • Economic Growth: Restoration creates jobs in forestry, agriculture, and environmental management, boosting local economies.
  • Biodiversity Conservation: By restoring natural habitats, we protect Earth’s incredible diversity of life.
  • Water Security: Healthy land acts like a sponge, absorbing and storing water, leading to more stable water supplies.

The host country for World Environment Day in 2024

Each year, World Environment Day is hosted by a different country where official celebrations occur. The host country for 2024 is Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is hosting the theme for World Environment Day 2024. There are likely a few reasons behind this decision:

  • Raising awareness about desertification: Saudi Arabia is particularly vulnerable to desertification. Hosting World Environment Day, which focuses on land restoration, can bring international attention to this pressing issue and encourage global efforts to combat it.
  • Highlighting their commitment to environmental sustainability: While Saudi Arabia is a significant oil producer, it has also been diversifying its economy and investing in renewable energy sources. Hosting World Environment Day allows them to showcase their commitment to environmental sustainability, particularly on the issue of land restoration.
  • Leadership in the region: Saudi Arabia is a leading nation in the Middle East. By hosting World Environment Day, they can encourage other countries in the region to prioritize land restoration and environmental protection efforts.
  • Vision 2030: Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030 is a strategic framework for the country’s economic and social transformation. This vision includes goals related to environmental sustainability, such as increasing renewable energy use and combating desertification. Hosting World Environment Day could be a way to highlight their commitment to these goals.
  • Global Leadership: Perhaps Saudi Arabia is aiming to take a more prominent role in global environmental issues. Hosting World Environment Day could be a way to demonstrate their leadership and commitment to environmental protection.

It’s important to note that some environmental groups have criticized Saudi Arabia’s environmental record. However, hosting World Environment Day can be seen as a positive step towards raising awareness and encouraging action on land restoration, desertification, and drought resilience.

World Environment Day Activities

World Environment Day is observed worldwide with diverse activities that promote sustainable practices and environmental consciousness. Individuals, organisations, communities, and governments come together to participate in events such as:

  1. Tree-planting drives,
  2. Environmental cleanups,
  3. Educational campaigns,
  4. Workshops, and
  5. Seminars.
  6. Support Sustainable Practices
  7. Support Restoration Organizations

These activities serve as catalysts for change and encourage everyone to contribute to a healthier planet.

What to do on World Environment Day?

Actions Individuals Can Take

Every individual has the power to contribute to ecosystem restoration. Here are some actions you can take:

  1. Plant trees: Dare yourself to plant a tree. Planting trees support the environment. Trees are essential to ecosystem restoration by absorbing carbon dioxide, providing habitats for wildlife, and preventing soil erosion. Participate in tree-planting initiatives in your community or plant trees in your backyard.
  2. Reduce, reuse, and recycle: Practice responsible consumption by reducing waste, reusing items whenever possible, and recycling materials. This helps conserve resources and minimises the amount of waste that ends up in landfills.
  3. Conserve water: Imagine a world where water is as precious as gold, where the gentle trickling of a stream is a distant memory, and where thirst and drought haunt every corner. It’s a reality we may face if we continue to take water for granted. But have you ever stopped to ponder its scarcity? Once thought to be an endless resource, water is facing a crisis. Water scarcity is a significant environmental issue and every drop saved counts. Conserve water not just for ourselves but for the children yet to be born, the forests that breathe life into our planet, and the countless beings who depend on its existence. Simple steps such as by fixing leaks, reducing car wash, taking shorter showers, washing clothes only when necessary, and using water-efficient appliances.
  4. Choose sustainable products: Opt for eco-friendly and sustainably produced products. When purchasing, look for certifications such as organic, fair trade, or Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).
  5. Support Sustainable Practices: Choose sustainably sourced products, support farmers using regenerative agriculture methods, and reduce your paper consumption.
  6. Support Restoration Organizations: Donate or volunteer your time to organizations focused on land restoration projects.

It’s time for a change, my friend. It’s time to awaken to the wisdom shared by Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), who, even centuries ago, recognised the value of water. His profound words echo through time: “Do not waste water, even if you are sitting on the bank of a river.”

Mother teaching her daughter to plant a tree, father helping his son to plant a tree

Community Initiatives

Joining or supporting local community initiatives can significantly impact ecosystem restoration. Here are a few examples:

  1. Clean-up campaigns: Participate in your area’s beach clean-ups, river cleaning drives, or park restoration projects. These activities help remove litter and restore natural habitats.
  2. Wildlife conservation: Volunteer or donate to organisations that protect endangered species and their habitats. These organisations often conduct research, raise awareness, and work towards creating protected areas.
  3. Sustainable agriculture: Support local farmers who practice sustainable farming methods. Buy organic produce from farmers’ markets or join community-supported agriculture (CSA) programs.

Corporate Responsibility

Businesses play a crucial role in environmental conservation. Here’s how companies can contribute to ecosystem restoration:

  1. Sustainable practices: Implement environmentally friendly policies within the company, such as reducing energy consumption, minimising waste, and promoting recycling.
  2. Reforestation initiatives: Support reforestation projects by funding tree-planting initiatives or partnering with organisations specialising in ecosystem restoration.
  3. Green supply chain: Encourage suppliers to responsibly adopt sustainable practices and source materials. This helps reduce the ecological footprint of the entire supply chain.

Government and Policy Changes

Our governments and policymakers have a vital role to play in promoting ecosystem restoration. Here are some measures they can take:

  1. Conservation policies: Enact and enforce legislation that protects natural habitats, preserves biodiversity, and promotes sustainable development.
  2. Renewable energy promotion: Invest in renewable energy sources and incentivise businesses and individuals to transition to clean energy.
  3. Sustainable urban planning: Implement urban planning strategies that prioritise green spaces, reduce pollution, and promote sustainable transportation options.

What is the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration?

Recognizing the importance of land restoration, the United Nations declared 2021-2030 as the Decade on Ecosystem Restoration. This initiative aims to accelerate global restoration efforts and create a healthier planet for all.

How can we collaborate with universities for research on land restoration?

Collaborating with universities for research on land restoration involves establishing partnerships that leverage the strengths and resources of both parties. Universities often have access to cutting-edge research facilities, a pool of eager young scholars, and a network of academic professionals with specialized expertise. To initiate collaboration, one can start by identifying universities that have programs or departments focused on environmental science, ecology, or sustainable development. Engaging with faculty members through seminars, workshops, or conferences can open doors to collaborative opportunities.

Creating joint research projects that align with the interests of both the university and the land restoration goals can be a fruitful approach. These projects can be designed to address specific challenges in land restoration, such as soil degradation, biodiversity loss, or water management. By involving students and researchers from the university, these projects can provide valuable hands-on experience while contributing to the larger goal of land restoration.

Furthermore, universities can contribute to land restoration efforts by providing access to their research findings and databases, which can inform best practices and policy-making. Collaborative efforts can also extend to securing funding for research, whether through government grants, private sector partnerships, or international organizations dedicated to environmental conservation.

Additionally, universities can play a crucial role in the dissemination of knowledge through publications, conferences, and public lectures, raising awareness about the importance of land restoration. They can also help in developing educational programs that prepare the next generation of scientists and policymakers to continue the work of land restoration.

Overall, collaboration with universities for land restoration research is a multi-faceted endeavor that requires clear communication, shared objectives, and a commitment to long-term partnership.

By combining the academic prowess of universities with the practical objectives of land restoration, significant strides can be made towards achieving a more sustainable and resilient environment. For more detailed strategies and successful case studies, exploring resources like the G20 Global Land Initiative and the United Nations University Land Restoration Training Programme can provide valuable insights.

One notable example is the United Nations University Land Restoration Training Programme (UNU-LRT), which focuses on capacity building in developing countries to combat land degradation and promote sustainable land management. This program emphasizes the empowerment of women and integrates climate change mitigation and adaptation into its strategies, contributing directly to several UN Sustainable Development Goals.

Another significant effort is the Global Land Outlook (GLO2) led by the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). It involves a team effort with contributions from various stakeholders, including universities, to provide insights and analysis on major themes related to land restoration for recovery and resilience.

The Creating Lands of Opportunity project under the UNCCD aims to contribute towards landscape restoration in the Sahel region, creating income-generating activities for local communities in Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Niger. This project showcases how university expertise can support local communities in practical ways.

These examples highlight the importance of academic institutions in advancing land restoration efforts. Universities bring a wealth of knowledge, research capabilities, and innovative solutions to the table, making them invaluable partners in the global endeavor to restore and sustainably manage land resources.

Best Practices for Tackling Plastic Pollution on World Environment Day

Plastic pollution is a global environmental crisis. This requires urgent actions to prevent plastic pollution. World Environment Day provides an excellent opportunity to address this issue globally, and everyone should contribute to preserving our planet. We can significantly impact by adopting best practices to reduce plastic waste and promote sustainable alternatives. The following are the effective strategies for tackling plastic pollution;

Used Plastic bottles, cups, tooth brush, coffee cup

Reduce Use of Plastics:

Reducing the usage of single-use plastics is one of the best strategies to fight plastic pollution. The use of reusable alternatives, such as water bottles, shopping bags, and coffee cups, should be encouraged. Encourage individuals, businesses, and communities to opt for sustainable options that minimise plastic waste.

Promote Plastic Recycling:

Increasing plastic recycling rates is crucial for reducing plastic pollution. Encourage proper recycling practices by providing clear instructions and accessible recycling facilities. Educate individuals and communities about the importance of sorting plastic waste correctly to maximise its recyclability.

Support Circular Economy Initiatives:

Embrace the concept of a circular economy, which aims to minimise waste and keep resources in use for as long as possible. Support businesses and organisations that adopt circular practices, such as using recycled plastics in manufacturing processes or creating innovative products from recycled materials.

Engage in Coastal and Community Cleanups:

Organise or participate in coastal cleanups to prevent plastic waste from reaching our oceans. Mobilise local communities to clean up beaches, rivers, and other natural areas. Such initiatives raise awareness about plastic pollution and its impact on marine life while fostering a sense of collective responsibility.

Advocate for Policy Changes:

Advocate for policy changes and regulations that address plastic pollution effectively. Support measures include plastic bag bans, extended producer responsibility programs, and incentives for developing sustainable packaging solutions. Urge policymakers to prioritise the reduction of plastic waste in their environmental agendas.

Educate and Raise Awareness:

Spread awareness about plastic pollution and its consequences through educational campaigns. Utilise various platforms such as social media, workshops, and public events to inform individuals about the detrimental effects of plastic waste on ecosystems, wildlife, and human health. Empower people to make conscious choices and adopt sustainable practices.

Collaborate and Partner:

Forge collaborations with local organisations, businesses, and community groups to amplify efforts in tackling plastic pollutionCollaborative initiatives can include awareness campaigns, joint ventures, recycling drives, or the establishment of plastic-free zones in communities.

On World Environment Day, let’s make a commitment to tackle plastic pollution and protect our planet.

By implementing these best practices, we can contribute to a cleaner, healthier environment. Reducing single-use plastics, promoting recycling, embracing the circular economy, engaging in cleanups, advocating for policy changes, educating others, and fostering collaborations are essential steps in the fight against plastic pollution. Remember, no matter how small, every action counts towards building a sustainable future for generations to come3. Together, let’s take a stand against plastic pollution and make a positive impact on World Environment Day and beyond.


Let’s take advantage of this chance to positively impact and create a world where humans and nature can thrive in harmony. World Environment Day is a significant event that unites people worldwide in a shared commitment to protect and preserve our planet and address and take action on environmental issues. By embracing the theme of focus on solutions to plastic pollution and implementing sustainable practices in our daily lives, we can contribute to a greener and healthier future for future generations.

Celebrating this day helps promoting environmental awareness and encourages sustainable practices and solutions to reduce or eliminate plastic from our lives. Let’s join hands, embrace the 2023 theme of tackling plastic pollution, and strive to make every day Environment Day.

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3 thoughts on “World Environment Day Theme 2024: Land Restoration, Desertification & Drought Resilience”

  1. Dear Sadananda Singh,

    Thank you for your kind words. I’m glad you enjoyed the post. Indeed, taking care of our environment is crucial. Let’s all contribute in whatever ways we can to protect and nurture our planet.

    Best regards,

    Abdullah Malik


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